This is a 1 ½-story, eave-entry bank barn with a shed-roof addition and a gable-roof addition. The main façade faces east and the ridge-line is approximately perpendicular to Route 37 East, which at this point runs approximately north to south.
The main entry is found on the east eave-façade of the barn, and is just south of center. It consists of a pair of exterior hung sliding doors. Located just north of the entryway is what appears to be a louvered vent with trim. Near the north corner of the east eave-façade are what appear to be two window openings with trim. On the south corner of the east eave-façade is a small shed-roof extension, extending to the east.
The grade drops dramatically towards the west across the south gable-end of the barn, revealing a full basement level. A stone retaining wall extends to the south off the east corner of the south gable-end of the barn. Near the south corner is an exterior hung sliding pass-through door with a shed-roof hood protruding just above it. Found in the gable-attic of the south gable-end is a two-pane window. The grade inclines towards the west, along the west eave-side of the barn. (However, an older picture reveals that this was not always the case. The entries on this side were once reached by a wooden staircase. The ground was filled in so the entry was at grade.) Attached to the west eave-side of the barn and extending to the west is a shed-roof addition. This addition encompasses the entire bottom 2/3 of the west eave-side of the barn. A six-pane window is found just below the eave, north of center on the west eave-side of the barn. There are no other openings on this side. There appears to be a window in the gable-attic of the north gable-end of the barn. There appear to be no other openings on this side.
The shed-roof addition is attached to the west eave-side of the barn, encompassing the entire east side of the addition. On the south side of the addition is a set of exterior hung sliding doors with a shed-roof hood just above. Located in the peak of the south side of the addition is a six-pane window. The west corner has an extension attaching the silo to the north side of the shed-roof addition. Near the south corner of the west side of the addition is an exterior hung sliding pass-through door, raised above grade. The west side of the addition appears to have a series of eight, six-pane windows with trim, spaced evenly along this side. Between the sixth and seventh window is an exterior vent, protruding from the wall. Near the north corner is an interior sliding door that is at grade. On the north corner of the west side of the shed-roof addition is a vent, protruding from the wall. Attached to the north side of the addition, and encompassing this entire side, is a small gable-roof addition.
The gable-roof addition is attached to the north side of the shed-roof addition, encompassing the entire south side of this small addition. A fieldstone foundation is visible on the west side of the gable-roof addition. Two six-pane windows are located above the foundation. There are no openings along the north or east sides of the addition.
The barn and additions are clad in vertical flush-board siding painted red with red trim. A fieldstone foundation is visible on the gable-roof addition, and a concrete block foundation is visible on the shed-roof addition. The roofs are clad in asphalt shingles, and a cupola is centered atop the ridge-line of the barn. This cupola has a gable roof and a louvered vent on the east and west sides. A finial protrudes from the center of the roof of the cupola.
The oldest barns still found in the state are called the “English Barn,” “side-entry barn,” “eave entry,” or a 30 x 40. They are simple buildings with rectangular plan, pitched gable roof, and a door or doors located on one or both of the eave sides of the building based on the grain warehouses of the English colonists’ homeland. The name “30 by 40” originates from its size (in feet), which was large enough for 1 family and could service about 100 acres. The multi-purpose use of the English barn is reflected by the building’s construction in three distinct bays - one for each use. The middle bay was used for threshing, which is separating the seed from the stalk in wheat and oat by beating the stalks with a flail. The flanking bays would be for animals and hay storage. The 19th century saw the introduction of a basement under the barn to allow for the easy collection and storage of a winter’s worth of manure from the animals sheltered within the building. The bank or side-hill barn is characterized by the location of its main floor above grade, either through building into a hillside or by raising the building on a foundation. This innovation, aided by the introduction of windows for light and ventilation, would eventually be joined by the introduction of space to shelter more animals under the main floor of the barn.
Listed on the State Register of Historic Places 3/06/2013 grant pre-app 2009 Dairy farm converted to winery Barn Type: Dairy Robin Szendy Photo taken in 1985 when still an operating dairy farm. Silo holds cell tower. Barn promotes guest artists to show in the gallery (milking room). Professional kitchen. Winery is on the CT Wine Trail -GT
The barn is to the north of the house with which it is associated. The main façade of the house faces approximately north and the ridge-line is approximately parallel with Route 37 East. Also on this property is an open tract of land and a vineyard. A long driveway extends to the south off Route 37 East, leading to the house. A section of the driveway splits off towards the east and leads to the barn. To the south of the house is a pool, and to the west are two small ponds. The property is to the south of the intersection of Upland Pastures Road and Route 37 East. To the north and south of the property are open tracts of land, woodland, and a few residential areas. To the east are woodland and some residential areas. To the west are open tracts of land, woodland and some residential areas. Surrounding the property are residential areas, woodland and open tracts of land.
K. Young & T. Levine, reviewed by CT Trust
Photography and field notes by Mary Jane Magoon, Robin Szendy - 3/20/2009.
Additional field notes and photographs by Gloria Thorne - 1/18/2011.
Aerial Mapping: Sherman Maps
http://www.bing.com/maps - accessed 9/9/2011.
Sexton, James, PhD, Survey Narrative of the Connecticut Barn, Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT, 2005, http://www.connecticutbarns.org/history.
The Sentinel Houses: Sherman, Connecticut, 2nd Edition, 1978.
Visser, Thomas D.,Field Guide to New England Barns and Farm Buildings, University Press of New England, 1997.