Barn Record Ledyard

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Building Name (Common)
Geer Barn
Building Name (Historic)
Geer Barn
Address
941 Colonel Ledyard Highway (Rte 117), Ledyard
Typology
Overview

Designations

n/a

Historic Significance

Architectural description:

This is a 1 ½-story gable-roofed 3-bay structure with its ridge line oriented east-west parallel to the road which is to the north. The main eave-side facade, facing north, has a pair of sliding barn doors the full height of the facade. There is a single six-pane window in the right (west) bay. The west gable-end facade has two similar small windows at the main level and a single window in the attic near the peak. The south eave facade has a hood over what appears to have been a door opening in the center bay, now filled in and containing two six-pane windows. A pass-through door is located in the east bay near the corner. The west gable-end facade has four six-pane windows at the ground level and two above, located below the girt line siding divide. There is a single similar window in the peak of the attic.
Siding is vertical metal panels painted yellow and the roof is asphalt shingles. The north side of the roof has black inter-locking tab shingles while the south face has newer 3-tab gray shingles.

Historical significance:

The oldest barns still found in the state are called the “English Barn,” “side-entry barn,” “eave entry,” or a 30 x 40. They are simple buildings with rectangular plan, pitched gable roof, and a door or doors located on one or both of the eave sides of the building based on the grain warehouses of the English colonists’ homeland. The name “30 by 40” originates from its size (in feet), which was large enough for 1 family and could service about 100 acres. The multi-purpose use of the English barn is reflected by the building’s construction in three distinct bays - one for each use. The middle bay was used for threshing, which is separating the seed from the stalk in wheat and oat by beating the stalks with a flail. The flanking bays would be for animals and hay storage.

Field Notes

Owner states that this yellow metal-sided barn which was moved from its original location across the street approximately 100 years ago (1909) once housed his uncle's "Sunday horses". Post and beam inside. Original wood siding can be found under yellow metal siding. Windows appear to be original. Grant pre-application 2008.

Use & Accessibility

Use (Historic)

Use (Present)


Exterior Visible from Public Road?

Yes

Demolished

No

Location Integrity

Moved

Environment

Related features

Environment features

Relationship to surroundings

Colonel Ledyard Highway is an north-south trending road through an area of open fields and woodlands containing a mix of historic farmsteads and 20th-century residential development. This property and two adjoining parcels are under the same ownership, totaling 186 acres of hay fields and woodlands.

Typology & Materials

Building Typology

Materials


Structural System

Roof materials


Roof type


Approximate Dimensions

25 feet x 30 feet

Source

Date Compiled

06/21/2010

Compiled By

Charlotte Hitchcock, reviewed by CT Trust

Sources

Grant pre-application 2008

Field notes and photographs by Anne T. Roberts-Pierson 10/05/2009
Town of Ledyard Assessor’s Record Map/Lot 27-530-941, -943 (178 acres, 25 x 30 ft barn ). 
Cunningham, Jan, A Historic and Architectural Resource Survey of the Town of Ledyard, Ledyard Historic District Commission, 1992.
Foster, Kit, Ledyard Town Historian, history of Ledyard
http://www.town.ledyard.ct.us/index.aspx?NID=279
http://www.town.ledyard.ct.us/index.aspx?NID=280
http://www.town.ledyard.ct.us/index.aspx?NID=281
Sexton, James, PhD, Survey Narrative of the Connecticut Barn, Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT, 2005, http://www.connecticutbarns.org/history.
Visser, Thomas D., Field Guide to New England Barns and Farm Buildings, University Press of New England, 1997.

PhotosClick on image to view full file