This is a 1 1/2-story, four-bay, eave-entry barn. The main facade faces southeast and the ridge-line of the barn is perpendicular to Hamburg Road, which runs approximately northwest-southeast. The main entry is in the second bay from the west and is a pair of double-height swinging hinged doors. Above the doors is a twelve-pane transom. The westernmost bay of the south eave-facade of the barn has a pass-through door flanked by six-pane windows. The third bay from the east has a pair of six-pane windows. The easternmost bay has a single six-pane window. The north eave-facade of the barn is identical to the south except that the westernmost bay is blank. The west gable-facade is blank except of a six-pane window in the gable attic. The barn has vertical flush-board painted yellow with white trim. The roof has asphalt shingles and a projecting overhang with exposed rafter tails. Centered atop the ridge-line is a cupola with louvered vents.
The oldest barns still found in the state are called the “English Barn,” “side-entry barn,” “eave entry,” or a 30 x 40. They are simple buildings with rectangular plan, pitched gable roof, and a door or doors located on one or both of the eave sides of the building based on the grain warehouses of the English colonists’ homeland. The name “30 by 40” originates from its size (in feet), which was large enough for 1 family and could service about 100 acres. The multi-purpose use of the English barn is reflected by the building’s construction in three distinct bays - one for each use. The middle bay was used for threshing, which is separating the seed from the stalk in wheat and oat by beating the stalks with a flail. The flanking bays would be for animals and hay storage.
This barn is northeast of the house associated with this site. The ridge-line of the house is parallel to Hamburg road and perpendicular to the barn. To the north of the house and west of the barn is a 1 1/2 story English barn with a gable-roofed addition. To the south of the barn is a yard bordered by a stone wall. Another stone wall borders the yard of the house. To the north and east is dense woodland. Bordering the site to the south is Parkside Drive.
Todd Levine, reviewed by the Connecticut Trust
Photographs by Jane Montanaro.
Sexton, James, PhD; Survey Narrative of the Connecticut Barn, Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT, 2005, http://www.connecticutbarns.org/history.
Visser, Thomas D.,Field Guide to New England Barns and Farm Buildings, University Press of New England, 1997.
Map of the Lyme, CT, retrieved on July 20, 2010 from website www.zillow.com.