Barn Record Durham

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Building Name (Common)
[Part - 2/2]
Building Name (Historic)
n/a
Address
573 Guilford Road, Durham
Typology
Overview

Designations

n/a

Historic Significance

Architectural description:

This is a multi-barn complex towards the west of Guilford Road consisting of barns belonging to different typologies and era. Discussed below are the two three-bay eave-entry barns located in the south-eastern corner of the property with Barn-1 towards the west and Barn-2 towards the east.

Barn-2: This is a 1 ½ - story three-bay eave-entry barn with a shed-roof addition encompassing the entire length of its west gable-side. The east gable-side of the barn faces Guilford Road while its ridge line runs east-west perpendicular to the road. The main façade of the barn is its three-bay north eave-facade with the main entrance in the middle bay through an exterior-hung sliding wagon door and an exterior-hung sliding hay-door centered above it. The façade has a secondary entrance through a hinged pass-through door in the first bay from the east. A hinged pass-through door can also be seen on north side-wall of the shed-roof addition on the west gable-side of the main barn which is flush with the main north eave-façade. The grade level along the main north eave-façade of the barn drops abruptly towards the west with the loose earth retained by plastered field-stone masonry wall. The west gable-side of the main barn has a shed-roof addition encompassing its entire length with a distinct dropped girt siding divide line separating the gable attic above. The gable attic is lined by fascia board with raking cornice detail and has two small sparrow holes just below the apex of the roof. The west eave-side of the shed-roof addition is lined by exposed rafter tails and has a hinged pass-through door towards the north followed by six six-pane stable windows. The hinged pass-through door is accessed from the lower grade level by a cement slab. A similar cement slab can also be seen towards the south along the west eave-side of the shed-roof addition. The south eave-side of the main barn has two entrances in the two side-bays through two exterior-hung sliding wagon doors. The south side-wall of the shed-roof addition on the west gable-side of the main barn is flush with the south eave-side and has a hinged pass-through door towards the east. The east gable-side of the main barn has two pairs of two six-pane stable windows with trim at the sill-level. The gable attic above is separated by a distinct dropped girt siding divide line and is lined by fascia board with raking cornice detail. The east gable-side of the barn has a square window opening just below the apex of the roof and a margin of exposed cement plastered masonry foundation along the grade level.   

The wooden frames of both the main barn and the shed-roof addition are supported on cement plastered masonry foundation and have asphalt shingle roofing. The barn has grey painted vertical siding with white corner boards on its east gable-side.


Historical significance:

The oldest barns still found in the state are called the “English Barn,” “side-entry barn,” “eave entry,” or a 30 x 40. They are simple buildings with rectangular plan, pitched gable roof, and a door or doors located on one or both of the eave sides of the building based on the grain warehouses of the English colonists’ homeland. The name “30 by 40” originates from its size (in feet), which was large enough for 1 family and could service about 100 acres. The multi-purpose use of the English barn is reflected by the building’s construction in three distinct bays - one for each use. The middle bay was used for threshing, which is separating the seed from the stalk in wheat and oat by beating the stalks with a flail. The flanking bays would be for animals and hay storage.

Field Notes

Also see Part - 1/2 : http://www.connecticutbarns.org/index.cgi/36441 Area statement: Barn: 30X52 SqFt, Circa 1960 Barn: 3520 SqFt, Circa 1960 Barn: 784 SqFt, Circa 1900 Quonset Building : 6200 SqFt, Circa 1940 Barn: 1456 SqFt, Circa 1960 Shed: 280 SqFt, Circa 1960 Shed: 440 SqFt, Circa 1960 Barn: 3192 SqFt, Circa 1985 Wooden pole barn Shed: 4200 SqFt, Circa 1975 Barn: 5168 SqFt, Circa 1960 Garage: 864 SqFt, Circa 1970

Use & Accessibility

Use (Historic)

Use (Present)


Exterior Visible from Public Road?

Yes

Demolished

N

Location Integrity

Unknown

Environment

Related features

Environment features

Relationship to surroundings

The 5.22 acres property, parcel number - W0257500 and map number 127, is located towards the west of Guilford Road, bordering the town limits of Durham and Guilford. The property is situated in a pre-dominantly residential area of rural character with residential plots towards its north, south and the east, across Guilford Road. Parcels of open land can be seen towards the north-east of the property. Two water bodies and a stream can be seen towards the west of the plot beyond which the area is covered by dense woodland.

This is a multi-barn complex towards the west of Guilford Road consisting of barns belonging to different typologies and era. The 1 ½-story barn, Barn – 2 is located in the south-eastern corner of the property, nearer to Guilford Road. Barn-1 is located towards its west, separated by a drive way. The main residence and a gable-roof shed can be seen towards the north of Barn-2 and Barn-1 respectively. Another gable-roof shed can be seen towards the north-east of the main residence with an open-to-sky parking lot towards further north. A Quonset building with a semi-circular cross-section is located in the north-western corner of the property. A large barn complex can be seen towards the south of the Quonset building which includes at least a pole barn, a large salt-box roof barn with a gable-roof addition and a gambrel-roof barn. Another rectilinear gable-roof barn with a gable-roof addition on its south gable-side can be seen towards the south of the barn complex. The property includes two other parking lots, one towards the south-west of Barn-1 and the other towards its north-west.

Typology & Materials

Building Typology

Materials


Structural System

Roof materials


Roof type


Approximate Dimensions

n/a

Source

Date Compiled

09/01/2010

Compiled By

T. Levine and M. Patnaik, reviewed by CT Trust

Sources

Photographs and field-notes provided by – Jim McLaughlin

Assessors’ records retrieved on February 3rd, 2011 from website http://durham.univers-clt.com

Map and property records retrieved on February 3rd, 2011 from website http://www.townofdurhamct.org

Photograph/Information retrieved on February 3rd, 2011 from website http://www.google.com

Photograph retrieved by Charlotte Hitchcock on September 1st, 2010 from website http://www.zillow.com

Sexton, James, PhD; Survey Narrative of the Connecticut Barn, Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT, 2005, http://www.connecticutbarns.org/history

Visser, Thomas D.,Field Guide to New England Barns and Farm Buildings, University Press of New England, 1997.

PhotosClick on image to view full file