Barn Record Redding

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Building Name (Common)
Gurdon Bartram Farmstead
Building Name (Historic)
Gurdon Bartram Farmstead
Address
248 Newtown Turnpike, Redding
Typology
Overview

Designations

Historic Significance

Architectural description:

This building demonstrates the way in which the longstanding tradition of timberframing was adapted to new technologies (wire nails) and products (dimensional lumber).

This is a 1.5-story, 2-bay carriage barn constructed with a dimensional lumber frame that mimics a timber frame.


Historical significance:

Until the 1830s, the horses used for riding and driving carriages were often kept in the main barn along with the other farm animals. By the 1850s, some New England farmers built separate horse stables and carriage houses. Early carriage houses were built just to shelter a carriage and perhaps a sleigh, but no horses. The pre-cursor to the twentieth-century garage, these outbuildings are distinguished by their large hinged doors, few windows, and proximity to the dooryard.  The combined horse stable and carriage house continued to be a common farm building through the second half of the nineteenth century and the first decade of the twentieth century, until automobiles became common. Elaborate carriage houses were also associated with gentlemen farms and country estates of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Another form of carriage barn, the urban livery stable, served the needs of tradespeople.

Field Notes

n/a

Use & Accessibility

Use (Historic)

Use (Present)


Exterior Visible from Public Road?

Yes

Demolished

No

Location Integrity

Original Site

Environment

Related features

n/a

Environment features

Relationship to surroundings

The building sits close to the house and just off the road in a well-settled, residential area.

Typology & Materials

Building Typology

Materials


Structural System

Roof materials


Roof type


Approximate Dimensions

16 x 24

Source

Date Compiled

06/30/2011

Compiled By

James Sexton, PhD - KY

Sources

Sexton, James, The Town of Redding Historic Outbuildings Survey, April, 2011.

Sexton, James, PhD; Survey Narrative of the Connecticut Barn, Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT, 2005, http://www.connecticutbarns.org/history.

Visser, Thomas D.,Field Guide to New England Barns and Farm Buildings, University Press of New England, 1997, 213 pages.

Redding Assessor’s Database:
http://data.visionappraisal.com/ReddingCT/search.asp - 4/30/2011.

Aerial Mapping:
http://www.bing.com/maps - 4/30/2011.

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