Building Name (Common)Bradley-Hubbell Barn
Building Name (Historic)Bradley-Hubbell Barn
Address535 Black Rock Turnpike
This is a 1 ½ story eave-entry three-bayed barn with its eastern-eave façade facing Black Rock Turnpike. This three-bayed eastern eave-façade is the main façade of the barn and has the main entrance on the middle bay through a pair of hooded cross-braced sliding wagon doors mounted on an exterior-hung metal track with a wooden enclosure. A concrete ramp leads to the main entrance on the middle bay with the grade levels gradually dropping towards the sides, revealing the wooden shirt board and field-stone foundation below. The southern gable-façade of the barn has a second entrance towards the west through a single-leaf exterior-hung hooded braced sliding door mounted on a wooden-enclosed metal door track. The façade also has two six-over-six double-hung sliding windows, one towards the east and the other off-centered towards the west. Exposed horizontal sheathing can be seen below the sill-level of the six-over-six double-hung sliding window towards the east with the damaged areas boarded with ply-wood. The façade has felt-roofing material covering the damaged portions in-between the windows towards the grade level. The southern gable-façade of the barn also has a six-pane window just below the apex of the roof. The three-bayed western eave-façade of the barn has an entrance on the middle-bay through a pair of exterior-hung hooded sliding door, centered below two six-pane windows. The façade has a horizontal marking at the hood-level on the bay towards the south which probably had a shed-roofed addition. A boarded single-leaf hinged pass-through door can be seen punctuating this bay which is a probable connection to the shed-roofed addition that is no longer there. The lower portion of the bay towards the south on the façade has been boarded with ply-wood to cover the damaged areas. The northern gable-façade of the barn is blank apart from a six-pane window insert in the gable attic. The undulating grade level along the northern gable-façade reveals the field-stone foundation below. A louvered cupola can be seen on the center of the roof of the barn. The wooden frame of the barn is supported on field-stone foundation. The barn has asphalt roofing with wood shingles on the walls.
The oldest barns still found in the state are called the "English Barn,” “side-entry barn,” “eave entry,” or a 30 x 40. They are simple buildings with rectangular plan, pitched gable roof, and a door or doors located on one or both of the eave sides of the building based on the grain warehouses of the English colonists' homeland. The name “30 by 40” originates from its size (in feet), which was large enough for 1 family and could service about 100 acres. The multi-purpose use of the English barn is reflected by the building's construction in three distinct bays - one for each use. The middle bay was used for threshing, which is separating the seed from the stalk in wheat and oat by beating the stalks with a flail. The flanking bays would be for animals and hay storage.
2008 Barn Grant Recipient.
The structural system is braced frame, hand-hewn, pegged. All the elements of individual bents in this barn are labeled with the same Roman numerals.
Cunningham Jan and Bloom Lois, Bradley-Hubbell House, National Register Nomination Number- 03000235 NRIS, National Park Service, 2003. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/03000235.pdf http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Photos/03000235.pdf