This is a 1 ½-story three-bay gable-roofed eave-entry bank barn with a shed-roof addition. The main façade faces east and the ridge-line of the barn is parallel with this portion of Hebron Road, which runs north-south. The main entry has an above-grade ramp leading to an exterior-sliding door with a weather door, in the middle bay of the east eave-façade. Three window openings above the main entry have been boarded over. There is a nine-pane fixed window in the south corner of the façade and two window openings covered with plastic sheeting in the north corner. A fieldstone retaining wall extends south from the southeast corner of the structure, and the declines sharply towards the west behind it. The south gable-end of the barn has a mortared fieldstone basement with a pass-through door at the east corner. The main level has a pair of fixed nine-pane windows joined with a shared lintel and sill, near the east corner. A single story low-slope shed-roofed addition extends the length of the west eave-side of the barn at the lower basement level. At the south end where the end wall is flush with the south gable-end of the main structure, a stepped fieldstone foundation is visible below the siding in the eastern portion of the shed. The west side of the addition consists of three open bays. There appears to be a single fixed window in the main level of the west eave-side of the barn just above the flashing line of the shed roof. The northwest gable-end of the barn appears to have three window openings on the main level. There is a fieldstone chimney projecting from the roof at the south end west of the ridge-line of the barn. The barn has vertical flushboard siding, painted red. The roof of the barn is covered with wooden shingles and the roof of the addition is covered with tin.
The oldest barns still found in the state are called the "English Barn,” “side-entry barn,” “eave entry,” or a 30 x 40. They are simple buildings with rectangular plan, pitched gable roof, and a door or doors located on one or both of the eave sides of the building based on the grain warehouses of the English colonists' homeland. The name "30 by 40" originates from its size (in feet), which was large enough for 1 family and could service about 100 acres. The multi-purpose use of the English barn is reflected by the building's construction in three distinct bays - one for each use. The middle bay was used for threshing, which is separating the seed from the stalk in wheat and oat by beating the stalks with a flail. The flanking bays would be for animals and hay storage.
The 19th century saw the introduction of a basement under the barn to allow for the easy collection and storage of a winter's worth of manure from the animals sheltered within the building. The bank barn is characterized by the location of its main floor above grade, either through building into a hillside or by raising the building on a foundation. This innovation, aided by the introduction of windows for light and ventilation, would eventually be joined by the introduction of space to shelter more animals under the main floor of the barn.
does not seem anyone lives here. attached open shed at lower level rear.
West side between Gilead and Townsend Roads. Chimney suggests possible use as workshop.