This is a two-story, ground-level stable barn. The main facade faces west and the ridge-line of the barn is perpendicular to this portion of the Litchfield Turnpike, which runs approximately north-south. The rear, east gable-side of the barn appears to be missing due to demolition or dilapidation. At one time another barn building or shed ran from the east gable-side of the barn to the south. A small courtyard was formed between that block and a shed-roof wagon or equipment shed across from the south eave-side of the barn. An outcropping of rock rises in front of the west gable-side of the barn. The grade is much lower behind the outcropping so that the lower level of the barn is not visible from the street. It consists of a cobblestone foundation. Three sets of what appear to be paired six-pane windows, all with their lintels aligned along the girt line, are inserted in the masonry wall of the west gable-side of the barn. Perhaps the central pair could be a hinged door with windows. The gable attic is illuminated by two rows of two and four fixed, six-pane windows with trim. The glazing is broken or missing in at least three of the windows. The gable attic has green asphalt shingles. The roof is covered with asphalt shingles.
By the early 20th century agricultural engineers developed a new approach to dairy barn design: the ground-level stable barn, to reduce the spread of tuberculosis bacteria by improving ventilation, lighting, and reducing the airborne dust of manure. A concrete slab typically serves as the floor for the cow stables. Many farmers converted manure basements in older barns into ground-level stables with concrete floors. Some older barns were jacked up and set on new first stories to allow sufficient headroom. With the stables occupying the entire first story, the space above serves a a hayloft. By the 1920s most ground-level stable barns were being constructed with lightweight balloon frames using two-by-fours or two-by-sixes for most of the timbers. Novelty or tongue-and-groove beveled siding is common on the walls, although asbestos cement shingles also were a popular sheathing. Some barns have concrete for the first-story walls, either poured in place or built up out of blocks. The gambrel roof design was universally accepted as it enclosed a much greater volume than a gable roof did, and its shape could be formed with trusses. Also see entry for Pole Barn.
Gambrel-roofed barn with cobblestone masonry base. Many barns in this area are used for horses.
House built in ca. 1800.
The barn lot appears to be used by the adjacent horse farm to the north of 76 Litchfield Turnpike. It is not included as an outbuilding on the Field Card filed for the house pictured, although it appears to belong in that historical context. Perhaps the barn is condemned or the neighbor has purchased the land on which the barn stands.