This is a 1 1/2 story side of eave-entry barn, possible a bank barn. The main facade faces roughly east, towards the road, which runs approximately north-south. The main entry appear sot be an interior sliding door in the middle of three bays. The norther-most bay has a pair of swinging hinged doors while the southern-most bat has a pass-through door with what appears to be blacksmithed hardware. The south gable-facade has a six-over-six double hung window in the center. The barn is clad in vertical flush board siding painted gray and the roof has asphalt shingles and projecting overhang.
The oldest barns still found in the state are called the “English Barn,” “side-entry barn,” “eave entry,” or a 30 x 40. They are simple buildings with rectangular plan, pitched gable roof, and a door or doors located on one or both of the eave sides of the building based on the grain warehouses of the English colonists’ homeland. The name “30 by 40” originates from its size (in feet), which was large enough for 1 family and could service about 100 acres. The multi-purpose use of the English barn is reflected by the building’s construction in three distinct bays - one for each use. The middle bay was used for threshing, which is separating the seed from the stalk in wheat and oat by beating the stalks with a flail. The flanking bays would be for animals and hay storage.
The 19th century saw the introduction of a basement under the barn to allow for the easy collection and storage of a winter’s worth of manure from the animals sheltered within the building. The bank barn is characterized by the location of its main floor above grade, either through building into a hillside or by raising the building on a foundation. This innovation, aided by the introduction of windows for light and ventilation, would eventually be joined by the introduction of space to shelter more animals under the main floor of the barn.
Todd Levine, reviewed by the Connecticut Trust
Photographs by Tom Bosse -
Sexton, James, PhD; Survey Narrative of the Connecticut Barn, Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT, 2005, http://www.connecticutbarns.org/history.
Visser, Thomas D.,Field Guide to New England Barns and Farm Buildings, University Press of New England,1997.