This is a 1 1/2 gable entry barn with a wagon-shed addition. The main facade faces west towards Hamburg Road, which runs approximately north-south. The main entry is an exterior sliding door in the center of the west gable-facade, with the track extending to the south. Above the entry is a side-hinged hay-door. In the gable attic is a pair of side-hinged hay-doors flanked by six-pane windows. Just below the apex of the roof is a hay track extension covered by a hay hood. The north eave-facade of the barn has pass-through door towards the west corner and a hay-door beneath the eave towards the center of the facade. Flush with the west gable-facade, extending south from the south eave-facade of the main barn, is a wagon-shed addition. The addition has a series of swinging hinged doors along its west eave-facade. Both the barn and addition have vertical flush-board siding and asphalt shingles roofs. The main structure has soffits and fascia on the gable-facades. The structure sits on an un-mortared field-stone foundation.
The New England barn or gable front barn was the successor to the English barn and relies on a gable entry rather than an entry under the eaves. The gable front offers many practical advantages. Roofs drain off the side, rather than flooding the dooryard. With the main drive floor running parallel to the ridge, the size of the barn could be increased to accommodate larger herds by adding additional bays to the rear gable end. Although it was seen by many as an improvement over the earlier side-entry English Barn, the New England barn did not replace its predecessor but rather coexisted with it.
Distinguished by the long shed or gable roof and the row of bays along the eave side, the typical wagon shed was often built as a separate structure or as a wing connected to the farmhouse or the barn. These structures protect farm vehicles and equipment from the weather and provide shelter for doing small repairs and maintenance.
This barn is just east of Hamburg Road. North of the barn is the primary barn in this complex. To the west and south are dense woodland. A stone wall extends to the south along Hamburg Road.
Todd Levine, reviewed by the Connecticut Trust
Photographs by Todd Levine.
Sexton, James, PhD; Survey Narrative of the Connecticut Barn, Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT, 2005, http://www.connecticutbarns.org/history.
Visser, Thomas D.,Field Guide to New England Barns and Farm Buildings, University Press of New England, 1997.
Map of the Lyme, CT, retrieved on July 20, 2010 from website www.zillow.com.