Barn Record Durham

Building Name (Common)
Horse Barn [ Part 1/2]
Building Name (Historic)
596 Guilford Road, Durham



Historic Significance

Architectural description:

This is a multi-barn complex towards the west of Guilford Road consisting primarily of a horse barn complex, Barn-I, towards the east, a 1 ½- story gable-entry barn, Barn-II towards further west of Barn-I and other out-buildings scattered all over the property.

Barn-1: This is a horse barn complex consisting of a 2 ½ - story eave-entry barn with a 1 – story gable-roof addition encompassing the entire length of its north eave-side and another 1 –story eave-entry garage attached to its west gable-side. The east gable-side of the main barn flush with the east eave-side of the gable-roof addition faces Guilford Road. The ridge line of the main barn and the garage runs east-west, almost perpendicular to the road while that of the gable-roof addition runs north-south. The main façade of the complex is the south eave-façade of the main barn with the main entrance at the center through an exterior-hung sliding wagon door with a window insert. Two pairs of six-pane square windows can be seen flanking the main wagon door entrance. The east gable-side of the main barn has a double six-pane window towards the south and a similar six-pane window towards the north. A hinged hay-door with white trim can be seen towards the north at the second floor level of the east gable-side. The gable attic above is separated by a distinct dropped girt siding divide line and has horizontal clap-board siding while the rest of the barn has red painted vertical siding. The gable attic appears to have a hay-door taking the profile of the apex of the roof which projects out to form a hay hood. Two cylindrical metal water tanks can be seen towards the south-east corner of the barn. The east eave-side of the gable-roof addition on the north eave-side of the main barn is flush with the east gable-side. The east eave-side of the shed-roof addition has three equally spaced six-pane square windows with a margin of exposed cement plastered masonry foundation along the grade level. The north eave-side of the main barn has a low-pitch gable-roof addition encompassing its entire length. The north gable-side of the gable-roof addition has a wagon door entrance at the center flanked by a six-pane window on either side. The entrance opens into a fenced paddock and is guarded by metal stalls.

The 1 – story eave-entry gable-roof garage attached to the west gable-side of the main barn has a salt-box roof addition encompassing the entire length of its north eave-side. The main façade of the garage is its south eave-façade with two main entrances towards the east through two double-height garage doors.

The wooden frame of the barn complex is supported on cement plastered masonry foundation. The complex has red painted vertical siding with white trim and asphalt shingle roofing.

Historical significance:

The oldest barns still found in the state are called the “English Barn,” “side-entry barn,” “eave entry,” or a 30 x 40. They are simple buildings with rectangular plan, pitched gable roof, and a door or doors located on one or both of the eave sides of the building based on the grain warehouses of the English colonists’ homeland. The name “30 by 40” originates from its size (in feet), which was large enough for 1 family and could service about 100 acres. The multi-purpose use of the English barn is reflected by the building’s construction in three distinct bays - one for each use. The middle bay was used for threshing, which is separating the seed from the stalk in wheat and oat by beating the stalks with a flail. The flanking bays would be for animals and hay storage.

Field Notes

Also see part - 2/2 : Area statement: Plot No. 601 Guilford Road: Garage: 2160 SqFt, Circa 1942 Barn: 352 SqFt, Circa 1942 Barn: 1380 SqFt, Circa 1942 Garage: 768 SqFt, Circa 1942 Shed: 220 SqFt, Circa 1942 Post/plank silo: 8’/30’, Circa 1942 Plot No. 597 Guilford Road: Pole barn: 440 SqFt, Circa 1967 Shed: 3192 SqFt, Circa 1967 Pole barn: 4200 SqFt, Circa 1988 Barn: 5168 SqFt, Circa 1957

Use & Accessibility

Use (Historic)

Use (Present)

Exterior Visible from Public Road?




Location Integrity



Related features

Environment features

Relationship to surroundings

The barn complex is spread out over two properties towards the west of Guilford Road, map number 127: 0.66 acres property at 597 Guilford Road (parcel number - W0256200) towards the north and 0.87 acres property at 601 Guilford Road (parcel number - W0256700) towards the south. The properties are located in a pre-dominantly residential area of rural character, bordering the town limits of Durham and Guilford. Residential plots can be seen towards the east, across Guilford Road while open land flanks the properties towards the south. Residential plots with barn and out-buildings can be seen towards the north of the properties. A water stream flows towards the west of the properties with the area beyond it covered by dense woodland.

The two properties are located adjacent to each other with the respective main residences positioned towards the east, nearer to Guilford Road. The horse barn complex, Barn-I is located towards the south-west of the main residence of plot number 601. A small gable-roof shed is located immediately towards the west of Barn-I while a flat-roof garage is located towards its south-west corner. Barn-I opens into a fenced paddock towards the north which has a 1 – story gable-roof shed on its eastern edge. A semi-open salt-box roof barn is located towards the north-west of Barn-I while another small gable-roof shed is situated immediately towards its west. The 1 ½- story gable-entry barn, Barn-II is located towards further east of Barn-I. 

Typology & Materials

Building Typology


Structural System

Roof materials

Roof type

Approximate Dimensions



Date Compiled


Compiled By

T. Levine and M. Patnaik, reviewed by CT Trust


Photographs and field-notes provided by – Jim McLaughlin

Assessors’ records retrieved on February 3rd , 2011 from website

Map and property records retrieved on February 3rd , 2011 from website

Photograph/Information retrieved on February 3rd , 2011 from website

Photograph retrieved on February 3rd , 2011 from website

Sexton, James, PhD; Survey Narrative of the Connecticut Barn, Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT, 2005,

Visser, Thomas D.,Field Guide to New England Barns and Farm Buildings, University Press of New England, 1997.

PhotosClick on image to view full file