Barn Record Norfolk

Building Name (Common)
Arcadia Farm (Part 2 of 2)
Building Name (Historic)
Arcadia Farm
131 Goshen East Street, Norfolk



Historic Significance

Architectural description:

This is a two barn complex towards the west of Goshen Street East with a dutch-gambrel roof bank barn, Barn-I, towards the north and an E-shaped cross-gable roof barn, Barn-II towards the south. The following is the description of Barn-II while Barn-I is discussed in

Barn-II: This is a 1 ½ - story multi-unit E-shaped barn towards the west of Goshen Street East. The main arm of the E-shaped barn is formed by an eave-entry barn with its ridge line running east-west perpendicular to the road. The north eave-side of the barn has a cross-gable roof barn at the center and two gable-entry additions, Arm-I towards the east and Arm-II towards the west. The east eave-side of Arm-I facing the road has a six-pane window insert at the center and exposed field-stone masonry foundation along the grade. The north gable-end of Arm-I appears to be the main façade of the complex with the main entrance at the center through a X-braced exterior-hung sliding pass-through door, flanked by a six-over-six double-hung sash window on either side. The façade has a pair of hinged hay doors with trim centered in the gable attic with a four-pane window just below the apex of the roof. The gable attic is lined by deep soffit and cornice board. The north eave-side of the main barn between Arm-I towards the east and the cross-gable arm towards the west has a double X-braced hinged door towards the west. The east eave-side of the cross-gable arm has a braced hinged pass-through door towards the south and two six-pane windows towards the north. The north gable-end of the cross-gable roof has two six-pane windows at the first floor level and a hay door centered in the gable attic. The east eave-side of Arm-II has a hinged pass-through door towards the north and a six-pane window towards the south. An over-head garage door can be seen centered on the north gable-end of Arm-II with a hay door just below the apex of the roof.

The wooden frame of the E-shaped barn complex is supported on field-stone masonry foundation and has asphalt shingle roofing. The barn complex has light blue painted vertical siding on walls with white corner boards apart from Arm-I which has light blue painted horizontal siding.

Historical significance:

The New England barn or gable front barn was the successor to the English barn and relies on a gable entry rather than an entry under the eaves. The gable front offers many practical advantages. Roofs drain off the side, rather than flooding the dooryard. With the main drive floor running parallel to the ridge, the size of the barn could be increased to accommodate larger herds by adding additional bays to the rear gable end. Although it was seen by many as an improvement over the earlier side-entry English Barn, the New England barn did not replace its predecessor but rather coexisted with it, as both types continued to be built.

Field Notes

Also see part 1/2 :

Use & Accessibility

Use (Historic)

Use (Present)

Exterior Visible from Public Road?




Location Integrity



Related features

Environment features

Relationship to surroundings

The property is located towards the west of this portion of Goshen Street, bordering the town limits of Norfolk and Goshen. It is located towards the south of the residential plot at 140, Goshen Street East (2.4 acres, account number - 000226, map & lot number- 6-02/ 2/1 /). The property is situated in a pre-dominantly residential area of rural character surrounded by parcels of open land and dense woodland. Residential plots can be seen towards the north and the east of the property across Goshen Street East while dense woodland covers the area towards the west and the south. Hoover Pond is located towards further southeast of the property, along Goshen Street East.

The two barn complex is located in the northeast corner of the property abutting to Goshen Street East. The dutch-gambrel roof bank barn, Barn-I is located towards the north while the E-shaped cross-gable roof, Barn-II, is located towards the south. The ridge lines of both the barns run east-west parallel to the road. The two barns are separated by timber fencing while dense woodland covers the area towards the west and the south. A sign board displaying the name of the farm as ‘ARCADIA FARM: Certified Holsteins’ can be seen towards the southeast of Barn-I.

Typology & Materials

Building Typology


Structural System

Roof materials

Roof type

Approximate Dimensions



Date Compiled


Compiled By

T. Levine and M. Patnaik, reviewed by CT Trust


Photographs and field notes provided by Lynne Williamson, John Milnes Baker.

Assessors’ records retrieved on March 1st, 2011 from website
6-02/ 1/ / / 

Photograph/Information retrieved on March 1st, 2011 from website

Photograph/Information retrieved on March 1st, 2011 from website

Sexton, James, PhD; Survey Narrative of the Connecticut Barn, Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT, 2005,

Visser, Thomas D.,Field Guide to New England Barns and Farm Buildings, University Press of New England, 1997.

PhotosClick on image to view full file