Barn Record Monroe

Building Name (Common)
Isaac Moss House and Old Center General Store
Building Name (Historic)
Isaac Moss House and Old Center General Store
172 Old Tannery Road, Monroe


Historic Significance

Architectural description:

This is a 1 1/2- story three-bay eave-entry barn towards the north of Old Tannery Road. The ridge line of the barn runs east-west parallel to this portion of the road. The three-bay south eave-side of the barn facing the road is the main façade with two main entrance through two over-head garage doors; one each in the first and the second bays from the west. The façade has an external-hung sliding hay door centered above each over-head garage-door. The original main entrance to the barn may have been through a double-height wagon door entrance as evident from a trim below the two hay doors. The façade has a third entrance which is the first bay from the east through an external-hung sliding pass-through door with a hinged hay-door centered above it. Two windows can be seen towards the east of this pass-through sliding door. The west gable-end of the barn has an entrance off-centered towards the south through a hinged pass-through door with a boarded window towards its north. The vertical siding towards the north on the west gable-end has a circular opening while the gable attic is lined by deep soffit. The north eave-side of the barn has a lower grade level revealing the field stone masonry and supporting wooden posts of the barn. The low grade level allows half-height clearance to access the area beneath the barn and may have been used as a bank level. The grade level along the east gable-end gradually rises towards the north along the field stone masonry foundation of the barn. The east gable-end of the barn has a window off-centered towards the south at the first floor level with the gable attic separated by s distinct dropped girt siding divide line. The gable attic lined by deep soffit has a window just below the apex of the roof.

The wooden frame of the barn is supported on combination of wooden posts and field stone masonry foundation. The barn has asphalt shingle roofing and red painted vertical siding.

Historical significance:

The oldest barns still found in the state are called the “English Barn,” “side-entry barn,” “eave entry,” or a 30 x 40. They are simple buildings with rectangular plan, pitched gable roof, and a door or doors located on one or both of the eave sides of the building based on the grain warehouses of the English colonists’ homeland. The name “30 by 40” originates from its size (in feet), which was large enough for 1 family and could service about 100 acres. The multi-purpose use of the English barn is reflected by the building’s construction in three distinct bays - one for each use. The middle bay was used for threshing, which is separating the seed from the stalk in wheat and oat by beating the stalks with a flail. The flanking bays would be for animals and hay storage.
The 19th century saw the introduction of a basement under the barn to allow for the easy collection and storage of a winter’s worth of manure from the animals sheltered within the building. The bank barn is characterized by the location of its main floor above grade, either through building into a hillside or by raising the building on a foundation.
This innovation, aided by the introduction of windows for light and ventilation, would eventually be joined by the introduction of space to shelter more animals under the main floor of the barn.

Field Notes

Circa 1785 English style bank barn, pegged post & beam construction. Barn has vertical siding and roof shingles. Prior to remodeling the barn had sliding doors. On the West gable side the impression of a shed attached and since removed can be seen. This barn is located in the Monroe Historic District. Contributing resource in the Monroe Center Historic District: 172 Old Tannery Road; Isaac Moss House and Old Center General Store; Residence; Georgian; Circa 1785; The two buildings were combined in 1896. Also located in the Monroe Center Local Historic District.

Use & Accessibility

Use (Historic)

Use (Present)

Exterior Visible from Public Road?




Location Integrity



Related features

Environment features

Relationship to surroundings

The 1.788 acres property, Account number – 07508100 and Map-Block-Lot number - 075 081 00, is a corner plot towards the east of Monroe Green and the north of Old Tannery Road. The property is contributing to Monroe Center Historic District and is flanked by residential plots towards the north and the east while the area towards the northeast is covered by dense woodland. St Peters Episcopal Church is located towards the southwest of the property, across Old Tannery Road.

The barn is located along the southern edge of the property abutting to Old Tannery Road. The ridge line of the barn runs east-west parallel to the road. The circa 1785 colonial main residence is located towards the northeast of the barn facing Monroe Town Green. The property has open land with cluster of trees towards the north of the barn while woodland can be seen along the fringes.

[Monroe Center Historic District is located in the highest section of the Town of Monroe. The topography is rugged and winding roads following natural contours radiating from the central green- The district is centered about the Monroe Center Green, a triangular open space. The Monroe Center Historic District is important in urban history since it retains its 18th century New England town plan consisting of a central green and radiating irregularly laid out streets following the natural contours. Architecturally the district is significant since it has well-preserved vernacular buildings dating from about 1750 to the present. It has several Federal period buildings of architectural distinction. The district has the ambiance of an undisturbed, pre-Civil War New England village.][NR]

Typology & Materials

Building Typology


Structural System

Roof materials

Roof type

Approximate Dimensions

Barn: 40 X 18 Sqft, Circa 1785;


Date Compiled


Compiled By

T. Levine and M. Patnaik, reviewed by CT Trust


Field notes and photographs provided by: Lee Hossler, 03/28/2011.

Assessors’ records retrieved on April 13th, 2011 from website .

Assessors’ maps retrieved on April 13th, 2011 from website .

Brown T. Robins, Monroe Center Historic District, National Register Nomination Number- 77001392 NRIS, National Park Service, 1977.

Photograph/Information retrieved on April 13th, 2011 from website

Photograph/Information retrieved on April 13th, 2011 from website

Photograph/Information retrieved on April 13th, 2011 from website

Sexton, James, PhD; Survey Narrative of the Connecticut Barn, Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT, 2005,

Visser, Thomas D.,Field Guide to New England Barns and Farm Buildings, University Press of New England, 1997.

Monroe Center Local Historic District - 1969.

PhotosClick on image to view full file