Barn Record Redding

Building Name (Common)
Ephraim Wheeler, Jr.
Building Name (Historic)
Ephraim Wheeler, Jr.
23 Giles Hill Road, Redding


Historic Significance

Architectural description:

Barn I:

The building demonstrates the many ways in which buildings could be expanded and is a locally unusual example of a large dairy barn.

This elaborate T-shaped building has been enlarged several times, including the addition of a new dairy floor with stalls (identifiable from the exterior by the windows) underneath the already existing building.  A Colonial Revival addition with a bell-cast gambrel roof was also added to the rear of the building.  The main structure, which was constructed with a sawn square-rule frame, contains several Italianate-style elements including round-headed windows in the gables and a ventilator with arches and brackets.  The building also retains its hay track and elements of its fork mechanism as well as the large doors, now on the second floor, from the period before the ground level stalls.

Barn II:

The building is one of the few dedicated stables in the town.

The building appears to have been constructed as a dedicated stable, with stalls clearly designed to house horses.  It is a gable-roofed building with a pair of vertically aligned 6-light windows in the gable with a sliding door to the north of the lower window and a pair of sliding doors in the middle of the southern eaves side of the building.

Historical significance:

The oldest barns still found in the state are called the “English Barn,” “side-entry barn,” “eave entry,” or a 30 x 40. They are simple buildings with rectangular plan, pitched gable roof, and a door or doors located on one or both of the “eave” sides of the building based on the grain warehouses of
the English colonists’ homeland. The New England barn or gable front barn was the successor to the English barn and relies on a gable entry rather than an entry under the eaves. The gable front offers many practical advantages. Roofs drain off the side, rather than flooding the dooryard. Although it was seen by many as an improvement over the earlier side entry English Barn, the New
England barn did not replace its predecessor but rather coexisted with it. It this case, both an eave entry and a gable entry are used.

The term dairy barn is used as early as the 18th century (along with “cow house”). Modern dairy barns are characterized by their interior arrangements of stanchions and gutters to facilitate milking and the removal of manure. In some cases this is just a few stalls in the corner of a barn, in others it can be a large barn dedicated to that single purpose.

Field Notes


Use & Accessibility

Use (Historic)

Use (Present)

Exterior Visible from Public Road?




Location Integrity

Original Site


Related features

Environment features

Relationship to surroundings

Barn I: This barn sits in a cleared area close to the main house on the property, in front of a paddock and stable in the rear.  Its main gable is perpendicular to the road.  The area is generally wooded.

Barn II: This building sits next to a paddock at the rear of the property, hidden from the street by the large barn on the property.

Typology & Materials

Building Typology


Structural System

Roof materials

Roof type

Approximate Dimensions

Barn I: 40 x 80, Barn II: 14 x 20


Date Compiled


Compiled By

James Sexton, PhD - KY


Sexton, James, The Town of Redding Historic Outbuildings Survey, April, 2011.

Sexton, James, PhD; Survey Narrative of the Connecticut Barn, Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT, 2005,

Visser, Thomas D.,Field Guide to New England Barns and Farm Buildings, University Press of New England, 1997, 213 pages.

Redding Assessor’s Database: - 4/30/2011.

Aerial Mapping: - 4/30/2011.

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